Two Wheeler License in India: Full guide to types & process

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two wheeler driving license in India
21 June 2024

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Long Story Short: We will assist you in obtaining, renewing a two wheeler driving & bike learners license online & offline, paying fees and using digital platforms like DigiLocker and mParivahan to store and manage your DL in this technological era.

Introduction

Everyone knows the importance of a driving license, right? But most do not know the consequences when something serious happens to you and your motorcycle without a valid driving license. Here is the list of consequences you need to know; along with that, we will go into the nitty-gritty of the steps to obtain a driving license in India, fess, Digital Driving License, FAQs, myths, misconceptions, and much more.

What are the consequences of driving a two wheeler without a license

Fines and Penalties

Driving without a valid license violates the Motor Vehicles Act and attracts hefty fines. The penalty for this offense has been significantly increased in recent years:

  1. Fine Amount: The fine for driving without a license has been raised from Rs. 500 to Rs. 5000.
  2. Imprisonment: In addition to the monetary fine, violators can face imprisonment for up to three months

Challan Issuance

If caught driving without a license, the traffic police will issue a challan against your name. This challan must be paid within a stipulated time, usually 60 days.

Seizure of the motorcycle

The traffic police can seize your vehicle if you drive without a valid or expired license.

Cannot claim insurance

Driving without a valid license nullifies any insurance claims. You cannot claim insurance for damages or injuries if you are involved in an accident.

Financial Consequences

Increased Insurance cost

Higher insurance costs are one of the long-term financial effects of driving without a license. Your prices may increase if insurance companies view you as a high-risk driver.

Driving without a license often accompanies other offenses, such as driving without insurance, speeding, or drunk driving. Each of these violations carries its own set of fines and penalties, which can accumulate substantially.

Social and Safety Consequences

Being caught driving without a license negatively affects your legal record. This can have long-term implications, including difficulties in obtaining a license.

Safety Risks

Driving without a license is illegal and dangerous. Licensed drivers have a basic understanding of traffic rules and safe driving practices, which unlicensed drivers clearly donot have.

What is the fee structure for two wheeler driving license in India?

Learners License Fees

  1. Issuance of Learners License: The fee for issuing a learners license in Form 3 for each vehicle class is ₹150.
  2. Learners License Test Fee: The test fee for a learners license, or a repeat test if necessary, is ₹50.

Permanent Driving License Fees

  1. Issuance of Permanent Driving License: The fee for issuing a permanent driving license is ₹200.
  2. Driving License Test Fee: The fee for the driving test, or a repeat test if necessary, is ₹300.

Renewal Fees

  1. Renewal of Driving License: The standard fee for renewing a driving license is ₹200.
  2. Post Grace Period Renewal: If the renewal application is made after the grace period, an additional fee of ₹300 is charged, plus ₹1000 for each year or part thereof of delay.

What information does the two wheeler Driving license contain?

New smart card design for DL in India - front side
New smart card design for DL in India – front side
New smart card design for DL in India - rear side
New smart card design for DL in India – rear side

Personal Information

License Holder’s Details: The driving license book contains the personal details of the license holder, including their

  1. Full name
  2. Date of birth
  3. Address

This information is crucial for identifying the individual and ensuring the license is issued to the correct person.

Photograph and Signature: This includes a recent passport-sized photograph of the license holder and their signature. These visual identifiers help verify the license holder’s identity during inspections and checks.

License Information

  1. License Number: Each driving license is assigned a unique license number. This number is used for tracking and verification purposes. Maintaining a record of the license holder’s driving history is essential.
  2. Date of Issue and Expiry: The license includes the date it was issued and expires. This information helps determine the license’s validity and ensures the license holder renews it on time.
  3. Issuing Authority: The name and details of the authority that issued the license are also included. This information is essential for verifying the license’s authenticity and administrative purposes.

Vehicle Information

  1. Vehicle Class: The driving license book specifies the class of vehicle that the license holder is authorized to drive. A two-wheeler driving license typically includes motorcycles and scooters.
  2. Endorsements and Restrictions: Any endorsements or restrictions related to the license holder’s driving privileges are noted in the book. This could include limitations on the type of two-wheeler that can be driven or any conditions that must be met.
  1. Medical Certificate: If applicable, the driving license may contain a medical certificate indicating that the license holder is fit to drive. This is particularly important for older drivers or those with certain medical conditions.
  2. Emergency Contact Information: The book includes emergency contact details, which can be used in an accident or other emergencies. This information is vital for timely assistance and communication with the license holder’s family or friends.

Additional Features

  1. Security Features: The driving license book incorporates various security features to prevent tampering and forgery. These may include watermarks, holograms, and special inks that are difficult to replicate.
  2. QR Code: Some driving license books may include a QR code that can be scanned to quickly access the license holder’s information. This feature enhances the efficiency of verification processes by law enforcement and other authorities.

How to Get a Two Wheeler Driving License in India

What is the basic eligibility for a motorcycle driving license?

Two Wheelers up to 50cc

For two-wheelers with an engine capacity of up to 50cc, the minimum age requirement is 16 years. However, applicants must have the consent of their parents or guardians to apply for a learners license for this category.

Two Wheelers above 50cc

The minimum age requirement for motorcycles with an engine capacity above 50cc is 18. This applies to both motorcycles with and without gear.

Learners License

The applicant must meet the above age criteria to apply for a learners license (LL) for two-wheelers. The LL is valid for six months, during which the applicant can practice riding under the supervision of a person holding a valid driving license for the respective vehicle category.

Permanent Driving License

Individuals can apply for a permanent driving license after holding a learners license for at least 30 days. The age requirements for a permanent permit are the same as those for a learners license: 16 years for two-wheelers up to 50cc and 18 years for two-wheelers above 50cc.

What are the steps to obtain a bike driving license?

Dimensions of figure 8 for two wheeler driving license test in India
Dimensions of figure 8 for two wheeler driving license test in India

Apply for a Learners License (LL):

You need to apply for a learners license first, which allows you to practice driving under supervision.

The learners license is valid for six months, and you can apply for a permanent license 30 days from the date of issue.

Documentation:

Submit proof of age, address, and a medical fitness certificate. Additional documents may be required in specific cases.

Online Application:

The driving license application process can be completed online through the Sarathi website, making it more straightforward and transparent.

Way to drive figure 8 for two wheeler driving license test in India
Way to drive figure 8 for two wheeler driving license test in India

Testing:

You must pass a computer-based test on traffic laws and safe driving techniques for the learners license. For the permanent license, you have to take driving skills test, including riding in a figure of ‘8’ without putting your foot down infront of Motor Vehicle officials.

Combined Application:

You can apply for both two-wheeler and four-wheeler licenses simultaneously.

Road Test:

You must bring your vehicle for the road test, which should correspond to the type of license you are applying for.

What documents do you require for two wheeler driving license in India?

Proof of Age

To verify your age, you need to submit one of the following documents:

  1. Birth Certificate: A government-issued document that records your birth details.
  2. PAN Card: A Permanent Account Number card issued by the Income Tax Department.
  3. 10th Class Mark Sheet: A school certificate that includes your date of birth.
  4. Passport: An official travel document issued by the government.
  5. Transfer Certificate: A school or college transfer certificate with your date of birth on it.

Proof of Address

You need to provide proof of your current and permanent address. The following documents are acceptable:

Current Address Proof (if applying in a different state)

  1. Rental Agreement: A legal document between you and your landlord.
  2. Electricity Bill: A utility bill issued in your name.

Permanent Address Proof

  1. Aadhaar Card: A unique identification number issued by the government.
  2. Ration Card: A document issued by the government for the purchase of subsidized food.
  3. Voter ID Card: An identification card issued by the Election Commission of India.
  4. Passport: An official travel document issued by the government.
  5. Electricity Bill: A utility bill issued in your name.

Additional Documents

  1. Application Form: Form No.9 for the driving license application.
  2. Passport Size Photographs:Six photographs for a learners license application and one photograph for a permanent license application.
  3. Medical Certificate: Required for applicants over 40 years of age, issued in Form 1 and 1A by a government doctor.
  4. Application Fees: The fee for processing the application.

Special Requirements

  1. Form No.1: Self-declaration of physical fitness.

Digital bike driving license: DigiLocker and mParivahan

DigiLocker

DigiLocker is a cloud-based platform where you can store and access various government-issued documents, including your driving license online.

Benefits of DigiLocker

  1. Easy Access: Access your documents anytime, anywhere.
  2. Secure Storage: Ensures the safety and security of your documents.
  3. eSign: Allows you to self-attest documents digitally.

How to Upload Your Driving License to DigiLocker?

  1. Sign Up: Visit the DigiLocker website, download the mobile app, and sign up using your mobile number.
  2. Verification: Complete OTP verification and set up your account.
  3. Link Aadhaar: Link your account with your Aadhaar number.
  4. Upload Documents: Search for ‘Driving License’ and upload your document.

mParivahan

mParivahan is a mobile app by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. It allows users to access their driving licenses and other vehicle-related documents digitally.

What are the benefits of mParivahan?

  1. Virtual DL and RC: Store and show your digital driving license and registration certificate.
  2. Information Access: Get information about various traffic rules and regulations.

How to Upload Your Driving License to mParivahan?

  1. Download the App: Available on both Android and iOS platforms
  2. Sign Up: Register using your phone number and complete OTP verification
  3. Profile Completion: Add your details to complete your profile

FAQ for Two Wheeler driving license in India

What is the minimum age for obtaining a driver’s license in India?

The minimum age for a regular driving license is 18. However, with parental consent, one can apply at 16 for vehicles up to 50CC.

Is a driving license from DigiLocker and Mparivahan valid?

Yes, a driving license stored in DigiLocker and Mparivahan is valid and accepted by traffic police across India.

How do I renew my bike driving license online?

You can renew your driving license online up to one year before and after the expiration date. If it has expired for more than five years, you must reapply and pass the driving test again.

Is it safe to upload documents on DigiLocker?

Yes, DigiLocker provides secure storage for your documents.

Is it mandatory to carry a physical driving license?

No, carrying a physical driving license is not mandatory if you have a digital copy stored in DigiLocker or mParivahan.

Can we drive without a license if we are learning?

This is a misconception. Even if you are learning, you must have a learners license to drive legally. Driving without a valid license can result in heavy penalties and imprisonment.

Can I apply for a bike driving license offline?

You can apply for a driving license offline by visiting the nearest RTO. However, the driving license online process is more convenient and faster.

Can you get a bike driving license without passing the driving test?

No. You must pass the written and practical driving tests to obtain a driving license. The tests ensure that you know traffic rules and can drive safely.

Is a bike driving license valid for a lifetime?

A driving license is not valid for a lifetime. It is typically valid for 20 years or until the holder reaches 50 years of age, whichever comes earlier. After that, periodic renewal is necessary depending upon age every 3-5 years.

  1. Mparivahan official website
  2. Digilocker Official website
  3. Mparivahan Android App
  4. Mparivahan IOS App
  5. Digilocker Android App
  6. Digilocker IOS App
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  5. Privacy Policy

Conclusion

We hope this article covers all basic concepts, doubts, and FAQs related to bike driving license, learning license and driving license online application etc. If you have any other doubts or queries about two-wheeler driving licenses, email us at bikeleague2017@gmail.com. We are always eager to help and assist you. Also, here are several social media platforms of Bikeleague India to raise your suspicions.

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