Which bike chassis is right for your riding style

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bike chassis
18 December 2023

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Long story short: It’s time to find out different types of bike chassis is right for your riding style and whether your favourite motorcycle has the right frame.

What is a bike chassis? Why is it so crucial?

The bike chassis or frame is what holds all motorcycle parts together. It does what the skeleton does in our body. So, it is essential for a bike and contributes a significant role in the handling and ride quality of the motorcycle. Motorcycles come in different body styles and have unique types of motorcycle frames. To learn more about different types of motorcycles based on body type, check out this article. The main components of the chassis are the frame, the front fork, and the suspension.

Different types of bike chassis

Backbone frame

Backbone frame
Backbone Frame

The engine is bolted onto the chassis in the backbone frame, which connects to the rear suspension’s steering head and pivot point. The engine usually hangs off the chassis and acts as a stressed member. This frame is shaped like a spine. It’s the most affordable chassis, as its construction is pretty simple. Conversely, a backbone frame offers less rigidity and strength. Very low-cost motorcycles running smaller engines use backbone frames. Now, motorcycle companies are dropping this frame from their entry-level models due to various disadvantages.

Advantages of backbone frame

  1. Cheap
  2. Simple construction

Disadvantages of backbone frame

  1. Less rigidity
  2. Low on strength

Single cradle frame (Single downtube / Diamond tube)

Single cradle frame
Single cradle frame

A single cradle frame is most commonly used on budget-friendly motorcycles. It has a shape and structure similar to a bicycle chassis. It contains steel tubes welded together to form a complete frame. Here, the frame acts as a cradle for the engine. In some cases, motorcycles that employ a downtube frame use the engine as a stressed member. It isn’t the strongest of chassis types, but the overall chassis is light and cheap to manufacture. While talking about the cons, it becomes shaky and unstable under heavy braking or cornering. An example of a motorcycle that uses a single cradle frame is Royal Enfield Bullet 350.

Advantages of single cradle frame

  1. Lighter and cheap
  2. Simple construction

Disadvantages of single cradle frame

  1. Wobbling under heavy braking or cornering
  2. Low on strength

Double cradle frame

Double Cradle frame
Double Cradle Frame

A double-cradle frame uses two tubes running beneath the engine to support it instead of one steel tube on a single cradle frame. While the structure is cost-effective, it provides a significant advantage over a single cradle chassis in terms of strength and rigidity. This frame handles heavy forces generated during hard braking and high lean angles. However, it is still not used in performance bikes, and better chassis options exist for motorcycles. An example of a motorcycle that uses a Double cradle frame is Royal Enfield Interceptor 650.

Advantages of double cradle frame

  1. Cost-effective
  2. Good strength & rigidity
  3. Good handling under heavy braking and cornering

Disadvantages of double cradle frame

  1. Not suitable for performance riding

Perimeter frame (Twin Spar frame)

Perimeter frame
Perimeter frame

The perimeter frame, or the Twin-spar frame, is one of the most advanced chassis and comes with the most high-performance premium bikes. The twin-spar frame chassis joins the swing arm for the shortest distance possible. The beams that enter the steering head with the swing arm are stiff and light and surround the engine. Earlier, perimeter frames were made of steel; now, almost all modern perimeter frames are lightweight aluminium. The result is that this chassis is more stable and rigid. An example of a motorcycle that uses a perimeter frame is Bajaj Dominar 400.

Advantages of Perimeter frame

  1. Lightweight
  2. Stable at high speeds and corners
  3. Rigid and stiff

Disadvantages of Perimeter frame

  1. Expensive

Trellis frame

Trellis frame
Trellis Frame

The trellis frame has a lot of similarities to the perimeter frame. In the case of the trellis frame, the elements/tubes are arranged using the lattice girder scheme, ensuring the structure is strong, rigid, and lightweight. The trellis frame fares better regarding rigidity and weight than the perimeter frame. It is easier to manufacture and also gives extra strength. An example of a motorcycle that uses a trellis frame is KTM 390 Duke.

Advantages of Trellis frame

  1. Extra strength
  2. Very stable at high speeds and corners
  3. Rigid and lightweight compared to the perimeter frame
  4. Easy to manufacture

Disadvantages of Trellis frame

  1. Expensive

Monocoque frame

Monocoque frame

The Monocoque frames are built in highly sophisticated, capital-intensive plants and are generally expensive. The entire skeletal structure is finished as a single, super-stiff piece of metal, termed a monocoque frame. They are for motorcycles with extreme power and demand uncompromising torsional rigidity and lightweight construction. Apart from their complex construction and high precision, such frames often use carbon fibre and magnesium materials. Thus, they are costly compared to other popular frame types. An example of a motorcycle that uses a monocoque frame is Kawasaki Ninja ZX 14R.

Advantages of Monocoque frame

  1. Super stiff and rigid
  2. Excellent torsional rigidity
  3. lightweight
  4. Made for motorcycles with extreme power

Disadvantages of Monocoque frame

  1. Very expensive
  2. Complex construction

Which motorcycle frame material is best?

For budget-oriented motorcycles, steel tube is the main component and is welded according to requirements. Steel is very cost-effective and almost robust, but it is not lightweight. But when we enter into performance motorcycles, the chassis should be light and stiff. So aluminium and alloys are used to get these advantages. Carbon fibre, magnesium, and titanium materials are used for ultra-performance racing bikes and street bikes.

Which motorcycle frame is the best?

Motorcycle chassis comparison chart
Motorcycle chassis comparison chart

The monocoque frame is undoubtedly the best, but it is costly. The trellis and perimeter frame are in the second spot.

Which bike frame is the lightest?

Carbon fibre, magnesium, and titanium material frames have the least weight.

Which bike frame is best for aggressive riding?

The perimeter frame and trellis frame are the best. KTM and Ducati use trellis frames for most of their models.

Which bike frame do budget-friendly bikes use?

Budget-friendly bikes use single cradle frames nowadays. Earlier backbone frame were present in entry-level models.

Is there a size for motorcycle chassis?

No. There are no various size types, so that we can select them according to size or weight. Motorcycle companies design bikes based on multiple types of people, considering both height and weight.

Can we replace the bike chassis?

Motorcycle chassis can be repaired or need replacement, which can be done only in official service centres. A replacement scenario occurs when a major accident or damage to the chassis occurs. Otherwise, in most cases, technicians will try to repair the damage. If significant damage occurs to the bike chassis, investing in a new bike will be a better option.

How to find the bike chassis number?

The chassis number is present near the bike’s handle or motor. If you find it challenging to locate your motorcycle, you can seek the help of a mechanic. The owner’s manual and registration certificate mention the bike’s chassis number.

How to get a motorcycle chassis number online?

Follow the below steps to find out the chassis number.
Visit the official website of Vahan NR e-Services. Select “Know Your Vehicle Details.”
Log in with your registered mobile number. Register with your mobile number and email ID if you are using this portal for the first time.
Enter details of your vehicle and the captcha. Select “Search Vehicle.”


We have discussed different types of bike chassis, their pros and cons, and some FAQs related to motorcycle chassis. Now, let’s summarize the different types of bike chassis.

  1. Backbone frame
  2. Single cradle frame
  3. Double cradle frame
  4. Perimeter frame
  5. Trellis frame
  6. Monocoque frame

If you have any other doubts or queries, email us at bikeleague2017@gmail.com. We are always eager to help and assist you. Also, here are several social media platforms of Bikeleague India to raise your suspicions.

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